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Rabu, 10 Agustus 2011

bahasa korea 2

PART 1

An-nyeong-ha-seo-yo?
HELLO.
Hannyeong literally m
eans peace or being good

Ko-map-sum-ni-da. THANK YOU.
Say this after being helped by kind Koreans. You will make them happy

Shil-le-ham-ni-da. EXCUSE ME.

You can draw the attention by saying this!

Bang-gap-sum-ni-da. NICE TO MEET YOU.

Were you introduced to an attractive person

Mi-an-ham-ni-da. I AM SORRY.
Want to make an apology for your mistakes

p/s sorry kena guna english sket senang nak explain...harap maaf campur adukkan bahasa english dan bahasa melayu ni...

lenggok bahasanya lembut jer tapi penggunaan �yo� dan �da� di belakang ayat. �yo� kurang formal...tapi �da� lebih formal.

Soalan mudah untuk menolong anda for survive in a frustrated situation

Irumi-meoyeyo?
WHAT IS YOUR NAME?

(meoyeyo) means WHAT IS~.
(Irum) means NAME
You have to know her/his name before she/he is out of sight!

Eolma - How much

Eolma-yeoyo? = HOW MUCH IS IT?

(How long) Eolmana-geollyeoyo? = HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE
Maybe you can check this before getting in a TAXI.

(Where) Yeogiga-eodiyeyo? = WHERE AM I?
(Yeogi) means HERE
Are you lost? Don�t know where you are?
Don� t be afraid! Just ask!

(Why?) Waeyo? = WHY?
Something mysterious around you? Ask your Korean friends WHY?
PANGILAN NAMA

O-ma - Ibu
A-pa - Bapa
Oppa - Abang (panggilan jika dipanggil oleh adik perempuan)
Onni - Kakak (panggilan jika dipanggil oleh adik perempuan)
Nuna - Kakak (panggilan jika dipanggil oleh adik lelaki)
Hyong - Abang (panggilan jika dipanggil oleh adik lelaki)

*Perempuan adakalanya memanggil teman lelaki mereka "oppa".

Ajumma - panggilan makcik (utk yg sudah berumahtangga)
*jgn panggil ajumma kat perempuan muda....marah nanti diaorg...

Aggasi - panggilan utk wanita muda yg belum berkahwin
Ajussi - panggilan utk lelaki (tak kira yg sudah berkahwin atau belum)

lupa lak nak bagitau info tentang bahasa korea nie

BAHASA
KOREA:

Bahasa
Korea menggunakan alphabet Hangul yang mengandungi 40 huruf ( 21 vowels dan 19 consonants ). Vowels dan consonants dicamtumkan menjadi syllables. Syllables sekurang-kurangnya mempunyai dua huruf dan tidak melebihi empat huruf.

Orang bukan
Korea yang membaca subtitle drama Korea dalam bahasa English tidak akan dapat mengecam cara percakapan orang Korea melalui drama. Dari masa ke semasa, satu karakter dalam drama akan beritahu karakter yang lain untuk bercakap secara formal atau tidak formal. Ini adalah kerana Korea mempunyai empat cara bercakap: formal, tidak formal tapi bersopan, tidak formal dan mesra.

Cara formal digunakan untuk menunjukkan rasa hormat dan ketika bercakap dengan orang yang tidak dikenali.

Cara tidak formal yang bersopan pula digunakan ketika bercakap dengan orang yang dikenali tetapi hendaklah ditunjukkan rasa hormat terutamanya ketika bercakap dengan orang yang lebih tua dan berpangkat. Begitu juga ketika perempuan atau remaja bercakap dengan orang yang tidak dikenali.

Cara tidak formal pula digunakan ketika bercakap dengan orang yang dikenali tetapi bukan kawan rapat atau orang yang ada sedikit perbezaan umur.

Cara mesra digunakan ketika bercakap di antara adik beradik, suami isteri, kawan rapat dan orang yang seusia atau lebih muda

arassou tu ape maksudnya? maksud "sy faham ke" atau "ok"? n huda pandai bhw korea ke? atau cuma copy n paste? klu copy n paste, sebaik-baiknya dptkan kebenaran drp penulis asal.. sy rasa la.. Jgn amik hati..

INTRODUCTION

I�m glad to meet you = Mannaso banggap sumnida.

I�m Huda = Che irumun Huda imnida...

*kalau Kak Qutreen/Khalillah/Eriyza
Che irumun Qutreen imnida
Che irumun Khalillah imnida
Che irumun Eriyza imnida

How old are you? = Yonsega (to senior) ottoke toeshimnikka?
Naiga ottoke toeshimnikka?

I�m 20 years old = Iship se imnida
Iship se - 20 years old
imnida - pelengkap ayat

I�m 27 = Iship chil se imnida

I�m 31 = Samship il se imnida

Where do you live? = Odiso sashimnikka?
Ikka - pertanyaan secara sopan

Which country are you from? = Odiso osyosumnikka?
Odi
nara? Odi - where, Nara mean - country (this question less polite)

I live in
Malaysia = Chon Malaysia salgo issumnida

How are you?/Hello = Annyonghashimnikka? more politely
Annyonghaseyo?

Fine, thanks and you (name)? = Ne, tokpuneyo Ann shi nun ottoseyo?

Ann shi - shi - Miss Huda

Welcome = Oso oshipshio

Ne - yes
A-nio - No

Goodbye = Annyonghi kaseyo (seing someone off)
Annyonghi kyeseyo (leaving someone who remains)

See you later = Najung-e poepkessumnida
Najung-e - later
poepkessumnida - see u

See you tomorrow = Naeil poepkessumnida
Naeil - tomorrow
poepkessumnida - see u

Take care =choshimhashipshio

Number

1 - Hana
2 - Tul
3 - Set
4 - Net
5 - dasot
6- yosot
7 - ilgop
8- yodol
9 - ahop
10- yol

one time - han bon (bon - time)
two times - tu bon
three times - se bon
four times - ne bon
five times - tasot bon
six times - yosot bon
seven times - ilgop bon dan seterusnya

Numbering utk sebut no telefon/masa dlm minit
1 - il
2 - i
3 - sam
4- sa
5- o
6 - yuk
7 - chil
8 - pal
9 - ku
10 - ship


Hours
1 o� o clock - han shi (shi - o� clock)
2 - tu shi
3 - se shi
4 - ne shi
5 - taso shi
6 - yoso shi
7 - ilgop shi
8 - yodol shi
9 - ahop shi
10 - yol shi
11 - yorhan shi
12 - yoltu shi

1 minute - il bun (bun - minute)
2 minutes - i bun
3 minutes - sam bun

10 minutes - iship bun

5.10 - tasso shi ship bun
tasso - 5
shi - hr
ship - 10
bun – minutes

saranghe - i love u
saranghe do - i love u too

arassau tu maksud ok...dan adakalanya digunakan jugak di dlm sesuatu keadaan bmaksud ok
saya copy paste dlm sistem pembelajaran saya
sesama leh belajar
xsalah berkongsi ilmu

How are you?
Annyonghaseyo

Fine. And you?
Ne, annyonghaseyo

What�s your name?
Irumi-meoyeyo?

My name is Huda
Che irumun Huda iaeyo

I�d like to introduce you to...this is my husband
Ibunun uri namppyonieyo

I�d like to introduce you to .....this is my wife

Ibunun uri annae-eyo

I�d like to introduce you to....this is my boyfriend
ibunun uri che namja chin-gueyo

I�d like to introduce you to....this is my business partner
Ibunun che hoesa-tongnyo-eyo

I�m pleased to meet you

Manaso banggap sumnida

Do you live here?
Yogiso saseyo?

Odi kaseyo?
Where are you going?

What are you doing?
Mwo haseyo?

What�s this is called?
Igol mworago pulloyo?

Beautiful, isn�t it?

Arundamneyo

Are you waiting too?
Tangshindo kidarigo kyeseyo?

Are you here on holiday?
Yohaeng haro oshossoyo?

I�m here for holiday
Yonghaeng haro wassoyo

I�m here on business
Saop daemune wassoyo

I�m here to study
Kongbuharo wassoyo

********************
Sure - mullonijo

Just a minutes - chamkkanmanyo

It�s okay - kenchanayo

It�s important - chung-yo haeyo

It�s not important - chung-yo haji anayo
haji anayo - not important

Are you ready?
chunbi dwaessoyo?

I�m ready
chunbi dwaessoyo

Kita belajar hari dan bulan dlm korea
e.g sun - iryo
day - il

DAYS

Sunday - iryoil
Monday - woryoil
Tuesday - hwayoil
Wednesday - suyoil
Thursday - mogyoil
Friday - kumyoil
Saturday - toyoil (bukan toyol ya)

Meaning of the day....
Sun - Sun
Mon - The Moon
Tue - Fire
Wed - Water
Thurs - Tree
Fri - Gold
Sat - Land


MONTHS
e.g ir - January
wol - Month


January - irwol
Feb - iwol
Mac - samwol
Apr - sawol
May - Owol
June - Yuwol
July - chirwol
Aug - parwol
Sept - Kuwol
Oct - Shiwol
Nov - shibirwol
Dec - shibiwol


KOREAN CALENDAR

Seasons
Spring - pom
Summer - yorum
Autumn - kaul
Winter - kyoul

COUNTING DAYS

One day - iril
two days - i-il
three days - sam-il
four days - sa-il
five days - o-il
six days - yu-gil

***********************

PRACTICE
DIALOGUE


What date is today?
Onuri myochirieyo?

It�s 13 October
shiwol shipsamiriyo

It�s 18 September 2005
Ichononyon kuwol shippariri

I was born in 1972
chonun chon-gubaek chil shibinyone tae-onassoyo

[/b]So let�s practice

Are you ready?
chunbi dwaessoyo?

hello....
Annyonghaseyo
Che irumun Huda imnida
Samship chil se imnida
Mannaso banggap sumnida
Mwo haseyo ?


Hello
How are you
I�m Huda
I am 37 years old........
I�m glad to meet you
What are you doing...


what are you doing now
chigum, mwho haseyo?
chigum – now

PRESENT

now - chigum
today - onul
this day - tang-il

*used when buying ticket
this week - ibonju
this month - ibondal
this year - ibonhae

PAST


Yesterday - oje
day before yesterday - kujokke
last week - chinanju
last month - chinandal/chobondal
last year - chinanhae/changnyon
a while ago - chogumjone

*week - ju
*month - dal
*year - hae/nyon

FUTURE

tomorrow - naeil
day after tomorrow - more (sebutannya mo-re bukan more)
next week - taumju
next month - taumdal
next year - taumhae/naenyon
later - najung-e/taume
until (June) - (yuwol) kkaji
* until - kkaji

DURING THE DAY
It�s early - illoyo
It�s late - nujossoyo

afternoon - ohu
day - nat
early morning - saebyok
evening - chonyok/pam
lunch time - chomshim shigan
*lunch - chomshim
*time - shigan

midday - chong-o/hannat
midnight - chajong
morning - achim
night - pam/chonyok
noon - chong-o
sunrise - haedoji/ilch�ul
sunset - ilmo

tiada masa - shigan-i opposoyo
busy - papasoyo


****************
Are you ready?
chunbi dwaessoyo?

Wishing Birthday

When�s your birthday?
Saeng-iri onje-eyo?

saeng-iri - your birthday
onje - when�s

My birthday is on (4 January)

Che saeng-irun (Irwol sa irieyo)

Congratulations!
chu�ka haeyo!

Happy Birthday!
Saeng-il chu�ka haeyo!

Many happy returns!
nul haengbok haseyo!

Blow out the candles!
ch�opprul guseyo!

Gift - sonmul

party - pat�i

to exchange gift - sonmurul kyohwan haeyo

birthday cake - saeng-il keiku

miyokkuk - seaweed soup
Usual Korean eat seaweed soup on her/his birthday or during confinement....good for health
Ne, majayo charassoyo!
Yes, you�re right, good job/well done!

Onul, che saeng-irun imnida..
Today is my birthday.

students where is my birthdaycake?
haeksaeng, uri saeng-il keiku odi issoyo?


PARTICLES

gwa/wa (after consonant/vowel respectively)
hago are used to string nouns together.

Functioning as �and� or �with�
Whether to use -hago- or gwa/wa is a matter of preference

example

my cousin and my friend
uri sachon hago che chi�ngu

uri sachon - we cousin
hago - and
che chingu - my friend

OR

my friend and my cousin
che chin�guwa uri sachon

che chingu wa - my friend and
uri sachon - we cousin

pls take note -
In korea uri - is not �my� but they call �we�
e.g


uri nampyon (we husband)


take care and thankyou
choshimhashipshio gwa/wa Ko-map-sum-ni-da

They�re eating lunch and talking
kudurun chomshim mokko yeaegihaeyo

they�re - kudurun
chomsihim - lunch
mokko - eating and
yaegiha - talking

* eat -moko
* eating – mokoyo

Kongbuharo wassoyo han-gugo
I�m here to study korean language

Students don�t worry, we can do it!
Hakseng, kokchong maseyo, urin halsu issoyo!

Are you ready?
chunbi dwaessoyo?

Let�s study Korean
Han-gugo rul kongbu hapcida

Congratulations and condolences

Good Luck!
Haeng-unul piroyo!

Hope it goes well

chal doegil piroyo

Bride
shinbu

Groom
Shillang

Honeymoon
shinhon yohaeng

Wedding
kyoron

Engagement
Yak�on

Wedding anniversary
kyoron kekik�u @ weding kekik�u

Wedding present
kyoron sonmul

Get well soon!
balli/palli naushoya dwaeyo!


Express Condolences

I�m sorry
chongmal yugam imnida

my thoughts are with you
myongbogul pimnida

GENERAL

Fire!
puriya!

Go away!
chori kaseyo!

Stop!
Kuman haseyo!

Theif!
todugiya!

Watch out!
choshim haeyo!

Help me!
Towa juseyo!

It�s emergency
aju kup�an irieyo @ pisang sat�aeyo

Could you help us?
Chebal towa jushillaeyo?

I�m lost
kirul irrossoyo

Where is the toilet?
hwajangshiri odie issoyo?

call a doctor!
usia pullojuseyo!

call an ambulance!
aembyullonsu pullojuseyo!

I�m ill
chon apa�yo

my friend is ill
che chin-gu ga apa�yo

Key Expressions

Hanguk saram iaeyo
I am a Korean

Malaysia saram iaeyo
I am a Malaysian


Vocabulary

Saram - people/from
Hanguk - Korea
Miguk - America
Australian - Huju
China - Chonguk
India - Indo
This - Igot
That - chogot
Chair - Uija
Desk - cheksang
Book - Check
notebook - kong check
Bag - Kabang
Hat - Moja
Pencil - Yongpil
Hanguk mal - Korean
to be interesting - chemi itda
young sister - yongdong seng
Annyonghaseyo - hi/hello


Dialogue

Situation 1

Andy : Hello I am Andy. Nice to meet you.
Annyonghaseyo. Andy yeyo. Manaso Banggap wo.

John : Hello, I am John. Where do you come from?
Annyoghaseyo. John ieayo. Onul
nara saram ieayo?

Andy : I am American. Are you American too?
Miguk saram ieayo. John shi do miguk saram ieayo?

John : No, I am not American. I am Australian.
Anio, Miguk saram i ani ieayo. Huju saram ieayo.


Situation 2

Nick : Ann, what is this in Korean?
Ann shi, i kae hangukmalro mohaeyio?

Ann : This is a desk.
Checksang i aeyo

Nick : That is a chair?
Chokae uija yeyo?

Ann : Yes, that is right. That is a chair.
Ne, majayo. Uija yeyo.

Nick : Is this a book?
Chogon check i yeyo?

Ann : No, that is not a book. That is a notebook
Anio, check i ani yeyo. Kong check i yeyo.

Nick : Thanks
Kumawuayo

*Note
Subject Particle - " i� or "Ga" Is used to mark the subject of a sentence.
i - sebutannya �e� bukan I

�i� is used after a word which ends with a consonant
e.g There is a bag
Kabang i issoyo
Kabang - Bag
G - is consonant so put �i� so kabangi

�Ga� is used after a vowel
e.g There is a hat
Moja ga issoyo
Moja - Hat
A - is vowel so put �ga� so Moja ga



Verb to be - �i da�

"i da� is the form which links a subject with tits predicate, indicating equality or identification. It is form is attached to the noun, there can be no pause or space between it and the noun. It is pronounced like a part of the Noun. It has two different forms
- �yeyo� and �ieayo�

YEYO (a,e,i,o,u)
uija + yeyo = uija yeyo
Andy + yeyo = Andy yeyo

IEAYO (consonant)
checksang + ieayo = checksang ieayo
Yongpil + ieayo = yongpil ieayo
John + ieayo = John ieayo

OM KITA KAHWIN --->>

* kalau ikut dialek harian(bahasa pasar) : 결혼하자 ( KYORON HAJA ) .

* tapi kalau nak formal sikit (polite) : 결혼합시다 ( KYORON HAPSIDA ).

p/s: nak kahwin ,jangan lupa jemput
aik,jumpa jugak dia kat sini..hehe..

* cikgu dalam
korea 선생님 ( SONG-SENG-NIM )

* kalau lecturer plak 교수님 ( KYO-SU-NIM)

P/S: "NIM" kat belakang tu just tambah sebagai tanda hormat.macam yang berhormat encik kamil

email2yusri telah menulis:
anniyoung hasmnikka!!
ha, sapa leh translate?

lebih kurang genki des ka? dalam bahasa
Nippon.


maksudnye apa khabar? = how are you...

kalo nk sopan lagi ..Annyonghaseyo

pogo shippoyo = I want to see ....

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